The international phonetic alphabet


Vowels:
vowels


Consonants:

  Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b -- t d--- t, d c k  g q. G - - ? -
Nasal m. m n ng ng ng N - -
Trill B. - r - - - R - -
Tap or
Flap
- - r- r - - - - -
Fricative f  v th s z sh sz cj xy xr h h
Lateral fricative - - ts--. - - - - - -
Approxi- mant - u ---r---- - j. mr - - -
Lateral approx. - - ---l---- l yr L. - - -
Where symbols appaer in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant.
Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Phonetic:      
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